Terra Instruments

Image from TERRA
Thu, 16 Jan 2020 10:13 EST

In the northern Mexican state of Cohuilla lies the Cuatro Cienegas Basin.

Image from TERRA
Fri, 10 Jan 2020 14:16 EST

These views of Earth from 2019 were taken with a variety of different science instruments and data tools, all helping us see our planet more clearly.

Image from TERRA
Tue, 07 Jan 2020 11:11 EST

Kangaroo Island, off the coast of Australia, has not been immune to the devastating bushfires that have been affected the eastern coast of the continent.

MISR

Multi-angle Imaging SpectroRadiometer

Hurricane Katerina as seen by the MISR sensor

Most satellite instruments look only straight down, or toward the edge of the planet. To fully understand Earth’s climate, and to determine how it may be changing, we need to know the amount of sunlight that is scattered in different directions under natural conditions. MISR is a new type of instrument designed to address this need — it views the Earth with cameras pointed at nine different angles. One camera points toward nadir, and the others provide forward and aftward view angles, at the Earth’s surface, of 26.1°, 45.6°, 60.0°, and 70.5°. As the instrument flies overhead, each region of the Earth’s surface is successively imaged by all nine cameras in each of four wavelengths (blue, green, red, and near-infrared).

In addition to improving our understanding of the fate of sunlight in the Earth’s environment, MISR data can distinguish different types of clouds, aerosol particles, and surfaces. Specifically, MISR will monitor the monthly, seasonal, and long-term trends in:

  • the amount and type of atmospheric aerosol particles, including those formed by natural sources and by human activities;
  • the amount, types, and heights of clouds; and
  • the distribution of land surface cover, including vegetation canopy structure

MISR Web Site (Jet Propulsion Laboratory)

MISR in the News